What is fertilizer and its types?

باغوان | کود و انواع آن چیست؟

کود و انواع آن چیست؟


Fertilizer is actually any type of organic or mineral or biological substance that has nutrients and nutrients for the soil and increases soil fertility and also with plant care to increase the quality and low yield of the crop. Fertilizers are divided into several important categories, including the following:

  • Manure
  • organic compost
  • Fertilizer

Animal manure, which is one of the most famous types of manure that is used in the land and gardens of many of us, is mostly prepared from animal feces such as cattle, sheep, horses and poultry, which due to its useful substances for the soil, It can be effective in strengthening agricultural lands. Animal manure has always been of interest to farmers throughout history due to its large volume of organic and nutrient residues that are useful for soil enrichment.

organic:

As the name implies, it is a completely natural fertilizer without the addition of any chemical or synthetic substances, which is actually produced from animal and plant wastes or a combination of the two with natural substances.

This product has actually brought a kind of organic agriculture. By using it instead of chemical fertilizers, pollution of the environment and living things can be prevented.

Chemical:

It is composed of different chemicals and different purity percentages that this percentage of purity affects the time of fertilization, how it is spread and its effectiveness on different plants. Therefore, it is necessary to know enough about the types of chemical fertilizers before choosing or using them. Chemical fertilizers are composed of minerals that are easily decomposed and absorbed and are produced industrially and supplied in various forms such as powder, granules, solution and gas.

Advice:

To prevent damage to your trees and plants, you must first:

  • Examine your soil
  • Find out which fertilizer is necessary for him.
  • Add the right amount of fertilizer in the spring or fall to restore the plants’ vigor and optimal growth.

When is the need for fertilization felt?

If you see that your tree is damaged or damaged or underdeveloped, it indicates that the tree is not getting the nutrients it needs and needs to get proper fertilizer. Other symptoms include shrinkage and discoloration of the leaves. Trees can be damaged by exposure to harsh and cold weather, a variety of pests and diseases or chemicals, and need to use fertilizer to use the nutrients in it to improve themselves.

The right time to fertilize

Many believe that early spring and late winter are before the trees bloom, but if you miss this time, you can do the same in early summer.

  • Early fall or late summer is not a good time to do this.
  • Healthy trees often do not need extra nutrients.

Healthy trees often do not need extra nutrients.

  • Exceed the required nutrient ratio
  • Causes excessive plant growth and weakening of the trunk.

Follow the steps below to fertilize weaker trees

To fertilize weaker trees, test the following steps after fertilizing the soil

  • Check before plant
  • Does she need it at all or not?

If you notice the above symptoms, you can be sure that the time has come. You can also test some of the soil to find out how much nutrients it contains..

Getting the right soil balance:

  • Buy soil test kits from horticultural stores
  • Measure the pH of the soil
  • Soil pH should be between 6 and 6.5.
  • Soils that do not have a pH in this range need fertilizer.

According to the age of the tree:

Also consider the age of the tree when fertilizing. A young tree that has only been planted for one or two years does not feel the need to fertilize, and instead focuses on controlling weeds and getting enough moisture. do

Choosing the right fertilizer:

Depending on the type of tree and soil, as well as various tests and help from experts, choose the right type of fertilizer for your garden or garden tree. The current balanced fertilizers contain equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium, which are written on the label and are suitable for any type of fruit tree.

Mix with water and pour at the foot of a tree or garden:

Before doing this process, be sure to wear gloves and mix a suitable amount of it with water. You can follow the instructions on the bag about how much water to add. If it is not a powder and is a seed, you can spray them around the tree in the same way

Apply fertilizer at a distance of 1-2 feet or at least 30 cm from the tree

  • Do not damage the trunk
  • Involve the roots.

The exact amount of fertilizer used, be sure to pay attention to the age of the tree and the instructions at the time of fertilization to avoid overuse.

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