Pruning trees is one of the most common tasks to maintain green space. Although forest trees grow well with only the changes that nature makes, trees and shrubs planted in cities and gardens need more attention to maintain their beautiful structure and integrity.
Benefits of pruning trees:
Taking care of trees and shrubs by pruning helps them look healthier and better. These two reasons are enough to make you eager to learn how to prune trees. Proper pruning of trees and shrubs has many benefits for them, including:
1. Pruning trees and shrubs increases security
Pruning the lower branches of trees prevents them from hitting cars and pedestrians passing by them. Also, if these trees and shrubs grow on the street corner, they may impair the drivers’ vision. Therefore, it is necessary to prune these trees in a timely manner to ensure the safety of those who pass by them.
2. Pruning trees strengthens their growth
Abandoned overgrown bushes can be turned into beautiful, small, multi-stemmed shrubs with proper pruning. All you have to do is cut the lower branches and trim the upper ones a little. This is far better than uprooting these plants and planting another plant instead.
3. Pruning of trees directs their growth
By pruning trees you can determine in which direction the new shoots will grow. Each time you cut a branch, you prevent it from growing in that direction, causing the next branch to grow in the other direction. Therefore, by pruning young trees properly, you can give a beautiful shape to their structure.
4. Pruning of trees prevents them from growing unfavorably
By pruning trees at regular intervals, you control the unwanted growth of tree foliage. It is enough to cut the branches that have grown crooked, are too thin and have grown from the roots of the tree.
5. By pruning trees and shrubs, beautiful shapes can be made
You can prune a number of shrubs and trees close together so that they look like a hedge in your garden. If you are interested in the art of shaping trees, you can create different and beautiful shapes by pruning trees and shrubs.
Pruning trees and shrubs increases their fertility
Flowering plants and some fruit trees become more fertile by pruning and produce better products. For example, it is necessary to separate the dried flowers from the rose bushes during the flowering season. For fruit trees, it is necessary to carefully and carefully cut the thin branches. Although this may seem tedious, you will get paid for it during the flowering and harvest season.
When should we prune trees?
درختانی که در بهار بهتازگی جوانه زدهاند ممکن است در اثر هرس زودرس ضعیف شوند. Pruning young trees in late summer prevents them from weakening.
Pruning of trees in order to change their structure and shape should be postponed until late autumn and after shedding the leaves of the tree. Because in this case, the trunk and branches of the tree can be seen well.
Prune trees and shrubs that flower in the spring immediately after drying and shedding their flowers.
Prune shrubs that bloom in summer and bear fruit in winter and early spring before sprouting.
Pruning trees to clear them should be done when the branches are bent to their lowest point.
Tree pruning and shrub training in spring:
The best time to prune many plants, especially deciduous trees and shrubs, is late winter or early spring. that’s mean:
Just before they wake up from hibernation and start sprouting. At this time, the heat and cold of the air is reduced and the plants are less likely to get frostbite in the cut areas.
Deciduous trees do not have leaves at this time, and you can well see the broken and crooked branches and decide where the future growth of the branches is.
Yellow jasmine plants and peach and plum trees always germinate on older branches, and if you prune them before they germinate, you will lose many flowers. It is better for such plants:
Postpone pruning until after flowering. In contrast, plants such as fingertips germinate in newly grown shoots, and you can safely prune them before they germinate.
Here are the steps for pruning trees in the spring:
- Consider about half a meter above the branch branch. Now set this distance to one third on the branch. Make a cut on the branch at the designated point facing the ground.
- Start sawing from the top about three inches above the previous incision until the branch breaks and separates. The cutting site must be stepped between the first and second cuts.
- Make the final cut a little above the branch branch and cut the branch.
Pruning trees and shrubs in summer:
The second best time to prune trees is late summer. Some gardeners prune trees in the summer to reduce their size. Because when the foliage of the trees is still thick, it is easier to determine how much pruning is needed.
Also at this time of year the plants grow slowly and pruning does not stimulate the plant to grow more. So the trees keep our desired shape for a longer time.
Pruning evergreen trees:
Although evergreen trees and shrubs do not have deciduous trees, they fall asleep during the winter months. Evergreen trees range from broadleaf plants such as camellia and boxwood to coniferous plants such as pine and cypress. Evergreen deciduous trees can be pruned in late winter or during summer. For evergreen foliage, flowering vegetables should be treated with extra care and pruned after germination.
It is best to prune coniferous trees for the first three years after planting and then leave them alone. Pruning coniferous trees is harmful to them if done too much.
Pruning a rose plant in 7 basic steps:
If you are familiar with the principles of pruning rose plants, even if you do not have previous experience in this work, you can achieve the desired results. We recommend people who are very interested in planting flowers and gardening and want to have beautiful and healthy roses to read more.
1. Remove all remaining leaves:
This will help you to see the main structure of the plant and see all the stems. By removing the leaves, the diseases and pests that were hidden among the foliage of the plant during the winter are eliminated.
2. Start pruning the plant from dry stems:
Make a cut in the middle to see if the stem is dry. If the inner part was brown, it means that the branch has dried, and if it had green streaks, it means that the branch is still alive. شاخه های خشک را از بیخ قطع کنید.
3. Leave the center stem alone:
Cut all branches that are cross-shaped and friction with the right branches. The reason for this is that the presence of such branches in case of plant pest causes the spread of the pest to other branches. Our goal is to have upward branches with open space between the branches and make the overall shape of the rose bush look like a pot.
1. Remove all narrow and weak branches:
In pruning a rose plant, the goal is to cut all the branches that are less than one pencil in diameter.
2. Prune the rest of the branches:
Carefully observe the remaining stems. Consider the areas of the stem from which the leaf has grown. Choose one of these places that grows outwards. Now cut the stem from 3 to 4 cm above that area at a 45 degree angle. Notice that the new branches go in the direction of the leaves, and our goal is for the new branches to point outwards, not inwards.
3. After the end of pruning the plant, clean the environment:
When the pruning is done, make sure you have thoroughly cleaned the underside and around the plant. All cut leaves and twigs should be removed from around the plants as diseases and pests may be transmitted to healthy plants.
4. Feed your nipples:
After pruning the rose bushes, it is time to strengthen them. For this purpose, use suitable fertilizer and enough water
When to prune a rose bush?
Pruning of rose bushes should basically be done in early spring. That is, when the winter cold has subsided. Can you let the rose bush tell you that it is time to prune it: When the plants start to germinate, it is time to prune them.
You can remove dried and withered flowers from the rose bush at any time of the summer. Pruning the rose plant during the flower growing season helps to grow more buds and maintain the beauty of the plant.
After the first fires of autumn, prune the taller stems of the rose bush so that they do not break in the winter storms. Reduce the weight of the upper parts of the rose bush to withstand strong winds. Also note the cross branches that may be damaged by the wind.
Do not over-prune the rose bush in the fall as this will stimulate the plant to grow and the cold seasons are not conducive to the plant’s growth. If you want to prune yourself, do not forget to use safety equipment such as gloves and garden shoes.